Prognostic value of insulin- like growth factor-I receptor expression in renal cell carcinoma

Mehrdad Mohammadi Sichani, Fateme Sarreshtedar Yazdi, Noushin Afshar Moghaddam, Ali Chehrei, Mahmud Kabiri, Amin Naeimi, Diana Taheri
Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation 2010, 21 (1): 69-74
The insulin-like growth factor-I receptor (IGF-IR), a tyrosine kinase receptor over expressed in many tumor cell lines and in some human tumors, plays a critical role in transformation, tumorigenicity and metastasis. The aim of the present study is to investigate the role of IGF-IR expression as a prognostic factor in RCC. This study was conducted in a historical cohort of 82 patients who had RCC treated with radical nephrectomy from 1994 to 2005. Specimens were reevaluated with regard to histological subtype, nuclear grade, stage and IGF-IR expression. The IGF-IR stain was semi-quantitatively evaluated using the Allred score system. Kaplan-Meier analysis demonstrated a significant positive correlation between Fuhrman nuclear grade and IGF-IR Allred score (P< 0.0001). Survival in patients with score IGF-I < or = 4 was 90.21 month and in patients with score IGF-1R> 4 was 33.39 month (P Value < 0.0001). Cox regression analysis indicated that expression of IGF-IR is a prognostic factor in patients with RCC (P Value < 0.0001, odds Ratio = 2.38). In conclusion, a statistically significant correlation was demonstrated between IGF-IR expression and Fuhrman nuclear grading and survival in patients with RCC. In stage-by-stage and grade-by-grade analysis; however, it seems that we cannot consider IGF-IR as an independent prognostic factor.

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