Repetitive eccentric muscle contractions increase torque unsteadiness in the human triceps brachii

Andrew J Meszaros, Masaki Iguchi, Shuo-Hsiu Chang, Richard K Shields
Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology 2010, 20 (4): 619-26
Torque steadiness and low-frequency fatigue (LFF) were examined in the human triceps brachii after concentric or eccentric fatigue protocols. Healthy young males (n=17) performed either concentric or eccentric elbow extensor contractions until the eccentric maximal voluntary torque decreased to 75% of pre-fatigue for both (concentric and eccentric) protocols. The number of concentric contractions was greater than the number of eccentric contractions needed to induce the same 25% decrease in eccentric MVC torque (52.2+/-2.9 vs. 41.5+/-2.1 for the concentric and eccentric protocols, respectively, p<.01). The extent of peripheral fatigue was approximately 12% greater after the concentric compared to the eccentric protocol (twitch amplitude), whereas LFF (increase in double pulse torque/single pulse torque), was similar across protocols. Steadiness, or the ability for a subject to hold a submaximal isometric contraction, was approximately 20 % more impaired during the Ecc protocol (p=.052). Similarly, the EMG activity required to hold the torque steady was nearly 20% greater after the eccentric compared to concentric protocol. These findings support that task dependent eccentric contractions preferentially alter CNS control during a precision based steadiness task.

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