JOURNAL ARTICLE

Metformin inhibits inflammatory angiogenesis in a murine sponge model

D O Xavier, L S Amaral, M A Gomes, M A Rocha, P R Campos, B D C V Cota, L S A Tafuri, A M R Paiva, J H Silva, S P Andrade, A V Belo
Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy 2010, 64 (3): 220-5
20053525
To investigate the effects of metformin on angiogenesis, on inflammatory cell accumulation and on production of endogenous cytokines in sponge implant in mice. Polyester-polyurethane sponges were implanted in Swiss mice and metformin (40 or 400mg/kg/day) was given orally for six days. The implants collected at day 7 postimplantation were processed for the assessment of hemoglobin (Hb), myeloperoxidase (MPO), N-acetylglucosaminidase (NAG) e collagen used as indexes for angiogenesis, neutrophil and macrophage accumulation and extracellular matrix deposition, respectively. Relevant inflammatory, angiogenic and fibrogenic cytokines were also determined. Metformin treatment attenuated the main components of the fibrovascular tissue, wet weight, vascularization (Hb content), macrophage recruitment (NAG activity), collagen deposition and the levels of transforming growth factor (TGF-beta1) intraimplant. A regulatory function of metformin on multiple parameters of main components of inflammatory angiogenesis has been revealed giving insight into the potential therapeutic underlying the actions of metformin.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
20053525
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"