Randomized crossover study to assess the inter- and intrasubject variability of morning mycophenolic acid concentrations from enteric-coated mycophenolate sodium and mycophenolate mofetil in stable renal transplant recipients

Helio Tedesco-Silva, Claudia R Felipe, Sung I Park, Paula G Pinheiro-Machado, Riberto Garcia, Alan Slade, Robert Schmouder, Jose O Medina-Pestana
Clinical Transplantation 2010, 24 (4): E116-23
The delayed release of mycophenolic acid (MPA) from enteric-coated mycophenolate sodium (EC-MPS, myfortic®) may have an impact on the variability of MPA trough (C0 h) levels. A randomized, two-period crossover study was performed in 24 maintenance renal transplants to evaluate the inter- and intrasubject variability of MPA predose levels from EC-MPS and mycophenolate mofetil (MMF, CellCept®), both in combination with cyclosporine. Patients received EC-MPS (720 mg b.i.d.) and MMF (1000 mg b.i.d.) for a period of 21 d each. MPA plasma levels were measured over the final seven consecutive days at -1, 0, 1, 2, and 3 h after the morning MPA dose. Intersubject coefficients of variation (%CV) for MPA troughs were 47.5% (95% CI, 34.1-80.3) and 54.4% (40.0-86.8) for EC-MPS and MMF, respectively; intrasubject %CVs were 62.7% (55.1-72.9) and 42.8% (37.9-49.2). High MPA C0 h levels>10 μg/mL were rarely observed with both EC-MPS (1.8%) and MMF (0.6%). Mean MPA area under the curve (AUC)0-3 h was comparable between treatments, while MPA C0 h was on average 46% higher with EC-MPS. In conclusion, predose MPA trough level monitoring appears of limited value during EC-MPS and MMF therapy given the large intrasubject variability in MPA C0 h levels with both treatments.

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