JOURNAL ARTICLE
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL

Pharmacokinetics of bilobalide, ginkgolide A and B after administration of three different Ginkgo biloba L. preparations in humans

Karin Woelkart, Elisabeth Feizlmayr, Peter Dittrich, Eckhard Beubler, Fritz Pinl, Andy Suter, Rudolf Bauer
Phytotherapy Research: PTR 2010, 24 (3): 445-50
20041430
A sensitive LC-ESI-MS method with a solid-phase extraction was established for the determination of bilobalide, ginkgolide A and ginkgolide B in human plasma; bioavailability and pharmacokinetics of three different Ginkgo biloba L. preparations have been investigated. The preparations used in the present single-dose pharmacokinetic study were different formulations of Ginkgo biloba L. extracts (Geriaforce tincture, new Ginkgo fresh plant extract tablets and EGb 761) with various excipients. The analysis of Ginkgo terpene lactones was performed by LC-MS on a Zorbax SB-C18 column. The mobile phase consisted of water + 0.1% acetic acid and methanol 68/32 (v/v) to 49/51 (v/v) at a flow rate of 200 microL/min. Bilobalide, ginkgolide A and ginkgolide B were monitored using the selected-ion monitoring (SIM) mode at m/z of 325, 453 and 423, respectively.The amounts of the active compounds (terpene lactones) in the administered products were in the low-mg range per dose. The assay method was successfully applied to the study of the pharmacokinetics and bioavailability of bilobalide, ginkgolide A and ginkgolide B in humans. The resulting maximum concentrations (median) of bilobalide, ginkgolide A and ginkgolide B in plasma after administration of the maximum daily dose of the different Ginkgo products were 3.53, 3.62, and 1.38 ng/mL respectively after administration of Geriaforce tincture; 11.68, 7.36, and 4.18 ng/mL, respectively after taking Ginkgo fresh plant extract tablets; and 26.85, 16.44, 9.99 ng/mL, respectively after administration of EGb 761 tablets. These data are relevant to demonstrate relative bioavailabilities of different Ginkgo biloba L. preparations (Geriaforce tincture, new Ginkgo fresh plant extract tablets and EGb 761).

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
20041430
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"