Anti-Fas gene therapy prevents doxorubicin-induced acute cardiotoxicity through mechanisms independent of apoptosis

Shusaku Miyata, Genzou Takemura, Ken-Ichiro Kosai, Tomoyuki Takahashi, Masayasu Esaki, Longhu Li, Hiromitsu Kanamori, Rumi Maruyama, Kazuko Goto, Akiko Tsujimoto, Toshiaki Takeyama, Tomonori Kawaguchi, Takamasa Ohno, Kazuhiko Nishigaki, Takako Fujiwara, Hisayoshi Fujiwara, Shinya Minatoguchi
American Journal of Pathology 2010, 176 (2): 687-98
Activation of Fas signaling is a key mediator of doxorubicin cardiotoxicity, which involves both cardiomyocyte apoptosis and myocardial inflammation. In this study, acute cardiotoxicity was induced in mice by doxorubicin, and some mice simultaneously received an intramuscular injection of adenoviral vector encoding mouse soluble Fas (sFas) gene (Ad.CAG-sFas), an inhibitor of Fas/Fas ligand interaction. Two weeks later, left ventricular dilatation and dysfunction were apparent in the LacZ-treated control group, but both were significantly mitigated in the sFas-treated group. The in situ nick-end labeling-positive rate were similar in the two groups, and although electron microscopy revealed cardiomyocyte degeneration, no apoptotic structural features and no activation of caspases were detected, suggesting an insignificant role of apoptosis in this model. Instead, sFas treatment reversed doxorubicin-induced down-regulation of GATA-4 and attenuated ubiquitination of myosin heavy chain and troponin I to preserve these sarcomeric proteins. In addition, doxorubicin-induced significant leukocyte infiltration, fibrosis, and oxidative damage to the myocardium, all of which were largely reversed by sFas treatment. sFas treatment also suppressed doxorubicin-induced p53 overexpression, phosphorylation of c-Jun N-terminal kinase, c-Jun, and inhibitor of nuclear factor-kappaB, as well as production of cyclooxygenase-2 and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, and it restored extracellular signal-regulated kinase activation. Therefore, sFas gene therapy prevents the progression of doxorubicin-induced acute cardiotoxicity, with accompanying attenuation of the cardiomyocyte degeneration, inflammation, fibrosis, and oxidative damage caused by Fas signaling.

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