Antioxidant activity of bisbenzylisoquinoline alkaloids from Stephania rotunda: cepharanthine and fangchinoline

Ilhami Gülçin, Riad Elias, Akçahan Gepdiremen, Aun Chea, Fevzi Topal
Journal of Enzyme Inhibition and Medicinal Chemistry 2010, 25 (1): 44-53
In the present study, we determined the antioxidant activity of cepharanthine and fangchinoline from Stephania rotunda by performing different in vitro antioxidant assays, including 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl-hydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging, 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS) radical scavenging, N,N- dimethyl-p-phenylenediamine dihydrochloride (DMPD) radical scavenging, superoxide anion (O2*-) radical scavenging, hydrogen peroxide scavenging, total antioxidant activity, reducing power, and ferrous ion (Fe2+) chelating activities. Cepharanthine and fangchinoline showed 94.6 and 93.3% inhibition on lipid peroxidation of linoleic acid emulsion at 30 microg/mL concentration, respectively. On the other hand, butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA), butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT), alpha-tocopherol, and trolox indicated inhibitions of 83.3, 92.2, 72.4, and 81.3% on peroxidation of linoleic acid emulsion at the same concentration (30 microg/mL), respectively. According to the results, cepharanthine and fangchinoline have effective antioxidant and radical scavenging activity.

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