JOURNAL ARTICLE

The miR-17-92 cluster is over expressed in and has an oncogenic effect on renal cell carcinoma

Tsz-Fung F Chow, Marina Mankaruos, Andreas Scorilas, Youssef Youssef, Andrew Girgis, Sarah Mossad, Shereen Metias, Yostina Rofael, R John Honey, Robert Stewart, Kenneth T Pace, George M Yousef
Journal of Urology 2010, 183 (2): 743-51
20022054

PURPOSE: miRNAs are small, nonprotein coding RNAs that are differentially expressed in many malignancies. We previously identified 80 miRNAs that are dysregulated in clear cell renal cell carcinoma. In this study we validated over expression of the miR-17-92 cluster in clear cell renal cell carcinoma and tested the effect of 2 members of this cluster (miR-17-5p and miR-20a) on tumor proliferation. We also elucidated the role of miRNA in clear cell renal cell carcinoma pathogenesis with bioinformatics.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: miRNA expression was validated by quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. The cell proliferation effect of miR-17-5p and miR-20a was tested in a renal adenocarcinoma cell line model. Multiple in silico analyses were done of dysregulated miRNAs.

RESULTS: We validated miR-71-92 cluster over expression in clear cell renal cell carcinoma by quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. Transfection of miR-20a inhibitor significantly decreased cell proliferation in a dose dependent manner. Transfection of miR-17-5p, which is not endogenously expressed in the ACHN cell line, led to increased cell proliferation compared to control values. This effect was suppressed by miR-17-5p inhibitor. Bioinformatics analysis identified 10 clusters of miRNAs dysregulated in clear cell renal cell carcinoma that followed the same expression patterns. We also identified matching patterns between reported chromosomal aberration in clear cell renal cell carcinoma and miRNA dysregulation for 37.5% of the miRNAs. Target prediction analysis was done using multiple algorithms. Many key molecules in clear cell renal cell carcinoma pathogenesis, including HIFs, mTOR, VEGF and VHL, were potential targets for dysregulated miRNAs.

CONCLUSIONS: A significant number of dysregulated proteins in clear cell renal cell carcinoma are potential miRNA targets. Also, many clear cell renal cell carcinoma dysregulated miRNAs are phylogenetically conserved.

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