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The liver-enriched transcription factor CREBH is nutritionally regulated and activated by fatty acids and PPARalpha

Hirosuke Danno, Kiyo-aki Ishii, Yoshimi Nakagawa, Motoki Mikami, Takashi Yamamoto, Sachiko Yabe, Mika Furusawa, Shin Kumadaki, Kazuhisa Watanabe, Hidehisa Shimizu, Takashi Matsuzaka, Kazuto Kobayashi, Akimitsu Takahashi, Shigeru Yatoh, Hiroaki Suzuki, Nobuhiro Yamada, Hitoshi Shimano
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 2010 January 8, 391 (2): 1222-7
20006574
To elucidate the physiological role of CREBH, the hepatic mRNA and protein levels of CREBH were estimated in various feeding states of wild and obesity mice. In the fast state, the expression of CREBH mRNA and nuclear protein were high and profoundly suppressed by refeeding in the wild-type mice. In ob/ob mice, the refeeding suppression was impaired. The diet studies suggested that CREBH expression was activated by fatty acids. CREBH mRNA levels in the mouse primary hepatocytes were elevated by addition of the palmitate, oleate and eicosapenonate. It was also induced by PPARalpha agonist and repressed by PPARalpha antagonist. Luciferase reporter gene assays indicated that the CREBH promoter activity was induced by fatty acids and co-expression of PPARalpha. Deletion studies identified the PPRE for PPARalpha activation. Electrophoretic mobility shift assay and chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assay confirmed that PPARalpha directly binds to the PPRE. Activation of CREBH at fasting through fatty acids and PPARalpha suggest that CREBH is involved in nutritional regulation.

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