JOURNAL ARTICLE

Probing the amyloid-beta(1-40) fibril environment with substituted tryptophan residues

Jillienne C Touchette, Laura L Williams, Deepa Ajit, Fabio Gallazzi, Michael R Nichols
Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 2010 February 15, 494 (2): 192-7
19995549
A signature feature of Alzheimer's disease is the accumulation of plaques, composed of fibrillar amyloid-beta protein (Abeta), in the brain parenchyma. Structural models of Abeta fibrils reveal an extensive beta-sheet network with a hydrophobic core extending throughout the fibril axis. In this study, phenylalanines in the Abeta(1-40) sequence were substituted with tryptophan residues at either position 4 (F4W) or 19 (F19W) to probe the fibril environment. The F4W substitution did not alter self-assembly kinetics, while the F19W change slightly lengthened the lag phase without hindering fibril formation. The tryptophan fluorescence of Abeta(1-40) F19W, but not Abeta(1-40) F4W, underwent a marked blue shift during fibril formation and this shift was temporally correlated with thioflavin T binding. Isolated Abeta(1-40) F19W fibrils exhibited the largest fluorescence blue shifts consistent with W19 insertion into the Abeta(1-40) fibril inner core and direct probing of the substantially hydrophobic environment therein.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
19995549
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"