JOURNAL ARTICLE

[Treatments of geriatric femoral intertrochanteric fractures]

Wei Luo, Long Yin, Xingwen Zhu, Jidong Yan, Yan Xiao, Zhichang Yin
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery 2009, 23 (10): 1209-11
19957841

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the treatment method of senile patients with femoral intertrochanteric fractures and its clinical outcomes.

METHODS: From January 2005 to December 2007, 192 senile patients with femoral intertrochanteric fractures were treated, including 85 males and 107 females aged 65-92 years old (average 75 years old). The injury was caused by fall on walking in 106 cases, fall when riding a bicycle in 55 cases, and traffic accidents in 31 cases. According to Evans classification, there were 12 cases of type I A, 43 cases of type I B, 29 cases of type II, 24 cases of type III A, 23 cases of type III B, 26 cases of type IV, and 35 cases of type V. One hundred and fifty patients were associated with cardio-cerebrovascular diseases, 120 patients were complicated with chronicle hypertension, 90 cases were associated with bronchitis, and 75 cases were complicated with diabetes. The time from injury to hospital admission was 1 hour to 14 days. Among those patients, 108 were treated with conservative treatment, 68 received dynamic hip screw (DHS) fixation, and 16 underwent proximal femoral Gamma nail fixation.

RESULTS: All the patients were followed up for 12-36 months (average 18 months). The fracture all reached bone union without occurrence of nonunion and delayed union. Patients could take care of themselves, and there were no occurrences of serious pains and dysfunctions. The therapeutic effect was satisfactory. The conservative treatment group: the average hospital stay length was 48 days; the average bone healing time was 14 weeks; 23 cases had different degrees of coxa adducts; Harris score system was adopted to evaluate hip joint function, 45 cases were graded as excellent, 31 as good, 10 as fair, and 22 as poor, and the excellent and good rate was 70.4%. DHS internal fixation group: the average operation time was 60 minutes; the average bleeding volume during operation was 200 mL, the average hospital stay length was 24 days; the average bone healing time after operation was 12 weeks; Harris score system was adopted to evaluate the injured hip joint function, 38 cases were graded as excellent, 21 as good, 8 as fair, and 1 as poor, and the excellent and good rate was 86.8%. Gamma nail fixation group: the average operation time was 70 minutes; the average bleeding volume during operation was 200 mL, the average hospital stay length was 14 days; the average bone healing time after operation was 12 weeks; Harris score system was adopted to evaluate the injured hip joint function, 11 cases were graded as excellent, 4 as good, 1 as fair, and the excellent and good rate was 93.8%.

CONCLUSION: For geriatric femoral intertrochanteric fractures, operative treatment should be performed, the preoperative preparation should be sufficient, and individual-oriented treatment method should be selected on the basis of physical conditions of patients and the types of fractures.

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