[Applied anatomy of medial plantar artery combined flaps and repairing heel and adjacent vast soft tissue defects]

Zai-Rong Wei, Da-Li Wang, Yu-Ming Wang, Guang-Feng Sun, Xiu-Jun Tang, Bo Wang
Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal] 2009 June 9, 89 (22): 1553-7

OBJECTIVE: To explore an anatomical basis and incising scope for the medial plantar artery combined flaps and its feasibility of repairing heel and adjacent vast soft tissue defects.

METHODS: The origin, branches, course and distribution of the medial plantar artery were studied in 20 legs of adult cadavers. The largest area of healthy adult's medial plantar and medialis pedis scope that could be incised for the combined flap was measured. Ten cases of heel and adjacent vast soft tissue defects were repaired by the combined medial plantar and medialis pedis flaps. Age range 28-60 years old. The areas of flaps were 9 cm x 7 cm - 10 cm x 8 cm. Defects of tendo calcaneus were repaired by the tendon of abductor muscle and plantar fascia in 3 cases with skin grafts on the donor sites.

RESULTS: The medial plantar artery gave off deep branch (diameter: 1.5 mm +/- 0.3 mm) and superficial branch (diameter: 1.0 mm +/- 0.2 mm). The length of media plantar artery deep branch was (8.9 +/- 0.2) cm and gave off 3-5 cutaneous branches. The largest area of combined flap was about 10.4 cm x 9.2 cm - 9.1 cm x 8.2 cm. Ten flaps survived completely. Eight flaps were followed up for 1 month to 1.5 years. The color, texture and appearance of flaps were excellent. The flaps of two-point discrimination were not different with opposite medial region. The affected limb exercised freely and had no ulceration on the flap.

CONCLUSIONS: The combined flap has a reliable blood supply and it can recover good sensation after operation. It is one of ideal flaps to repair heel and adjacent vast soft tissue defects. Its disadvantage is a complicated operation.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"