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Treatment of ruptured cerebral aneurysms - clip and coil, not clip versus coil.

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Recent advances in neurosurgery and interventional neuroradiology have brought us a new aspect in the treatment of cerebral aneurysms. The present single-surgeon series provides a balanced overview of the treatment of ruptured aneurysms in surgical clipping and coil embolization.

CLINICAL MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred consecutive patients with ruptured cerebral aneurysms underwent surgical clipping or endovascular coil embolization between January 2005 and December 2007. All patients underwent clipping or coil embolization of at least one ruptured cerebral aneurysm by a single neurosurgeon (YK) who performed both the surgical clipping and endovascular coiling.

RESULTS: Of the 48 surgically treated patients, 37 (77.1%) achieved a favorable outcome. Of the 52 patients who underwent endovascular embolization, 37 (71.2%) achieved a favorable outcome. No significant difference was observed regarding the proportion of favorable outcomes between the two treatment modalities. Five patients (9.6%) who underwent endovascular embolization needed re-treatments, while no re-treatment was necessary in the surgically treated patients. The rates of symptomatic vasospasm and shunt dependent hydrocephalus were 18.8% and 14.6%, respectively, in the clipped patients, and 19.2% and 21.2%, respectively, in the coiled patients. Endovascular coiling of ruptured aneurysms has a tendency towards a higher risk of developing shunt dependent hydrocephalus.

CONCLUSION: A combined microsurgical-endovascular approach can achieve the best outcomes for patients with ruptured cerebral aneurysms. Our findings support the policy of "Clip and Coil, not Clip versus Coil."

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