[Isolation and identification of a human single chain Fv antibody against amyloid-beta 1-42 soluble oligomers from a human phage display library]

Fuxiang Bao, Jinsheng He, Guifang Cao, Fan Yin, Xin Wang, Siyuan Pang, Ying Zhang, Tao Hong
Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao, Chinese Journal of Biotechnology 2009, 25 (8): 1195-203
To get specific scFv (Single-chain fragment variable) antibody against soluble Abeta1-42(Amyloid-beta) oligomers, we constructed a human single-chain Fv (scFv) antibody library by phage display technology. Using RT-PCR, we amplified the variable heavy (VH) and variable light (VL) genes from peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL). Then we obtained the scFv fragments through SOE-PCR, and the scFv fragments were cloned into the vector pCANTAB5E and electroporated into competent Escherichia coli TG1 cells. Consequently, a scFv phage display library containing 2.5 x 10(9) clones was constructed. The recombinant phagemids were rescued by reinfection of helper phage M13K07. Recombinant phages specific for Abeta1-42 oligomers were enriched after four rounds of biopanning and the antigen-positive clones were selected from the enriched clones by phage ELISA. Positive clone B19 was used to infect E. coli HB2151 to express soluble scFv antibody. SDS-PAGE and Western blotting analysis showed that the soluble scFv B19 antibody was expressed successfully and could bind specifically to Abeta1-42 trimer and protofiber. The specific scFv against Abeta1-42 oligomers can be used in the therapeutic research on Alzheimer's disease.

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