JOURNAL ARTICLE

Taiwan cobra phospholipase A2-elicited JNK activation is responsible for autocrine fas-mediated cell death and modulating Bcl-2 and Bax protein expression in human leukemia K562 cells

Ku-Chung Chen, Wen-Hsin Liu, Long-Sen Chang
Journal of Cellular Biochemistry 2010 January 1, 109 (1): 245-54
19937732
Phospholipase A(2) (PLA(2)) from Naja naja atra venom induced apoptotic death of human leukemia K562 cells. Degradation of procaspases, production of tBid, loss of mitochondrial membrane potential, Bcl-2 degradation, mitochondrial translocation of Bax, and cytochrome c release were observed in PLA(2)-treated cells. Moreover, PLA(2) treatment increased Fas and FasL protein expression. Upon exposure to PLA(2), activation of p38 MAPK (mitogen-activated protein kinase) and JNK (c-Jun NH(2)-terminal kinase) was found in K562 cells. SB202190 (p38 MAPK inhibitor) pretreatment enhanced cytotoxic effect of PLA(2) and led to prolonged JNK activation, but failed to affect PLA(2)-induced upregulation of Fas and FasL protein expression. Sustained JNK activation aggravated caspase8/mitochondria-dependent death pathway, downregulated Bcl-2 expression and increased mitochondrial translocation of Bax. SP600125 (JNK inhibitor) abolished the cytotoxic effect of PLA(2) and PLA(2)-induced autocrine Fas death pathway. Transfection ASK1 siRNA and overexpression of dominant negative p38alpha MAPK proved that ASK1 pathway was responsible for PLA(2)-induced p38 MAPK and JNK activation and p38alpha MAPK activation suppressed dynamically persistent JNK activation. Downregulation of FADD abolished PLA(2)-induced procaspase-8 degradation and rescued viability of PLA(2)-treated cells. Taken together, our results indicate that JNK-mediated autocrine Fas/FasL apoptotic mechanism and modulation of Bcl-2 family proteins are involved in PLA(2)-induced death of K562 cells.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
19937732
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"