Metabolic syndrome prevalence, dietary intake, and cardiovascular risk profile among overweight and obese adults 18-50 years old from the United Arab Emirates

Taif Al-Sarraj, Hussein Saadi, Jeff S Volek, Maria Luz Fernandez
Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders 2010, 8 (1): 39-46

BACKGROUND: The prevalence of diabetes mellitus is among the highest worldwide, and metabolic syndrome predisposes to diabetes.

METHODS: We recruited 227 overweight/obese Emirati adults living in the city of Al-Ain, Emirati of Abu Dhabi to screen for the metabolic syndrome and to assess for the most relevant criteria for the metabolic syndrome in this population. We identified subjects as having the metabolic syndrome if they had three of the following characteristics: Waist circumference (WC) >88 cm in women and >102 cm in men; plasma glucose >5.5 mmol/L; blood pressure >130/85 mmHg, triglycerides (TG) >1.7 mmol/L, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) <1.0 mmol/L in men and <1.3 mmol/L in women. In addition to features of metabolic syndrome, lipoprotein subfractions and 24-hour dietary recalls were assessed in a random sample of participants.

RESULTS: A total of 92 subjects (40.5%) were classified as having metabolic syndrome. The most relevant clinical criteria associated with metabolic syndrome were large WC, high blood pressure, and low HDL-C. Only 7% of subjects had TG >1.7 mmol/L, whereas 95% had plasma LDL-C >2.6 mmol/L. In addition, subjects presented low concentrations of medium very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) and small HDL subfractions in agreement with low concentrations of HDL-C and TG. Dietary analysis revealed high-energy consumption, with diets high in total carbohydrates, fat, and simple sugars. In addition, subjects were sedentary with only 14% of the population engaged in physical activity.

CONCLUSIONS: The high prevalence of metabolic syndrome among overweight/obese Emirati adults predisposes this population to increased risk for developing diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Public health involvement targeting poor dietary habits and exercise programs among Emirati citizens is urgently needed.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"