JOURNAL ARTICLE

Role of the CHADS2 score in the evaluation of thromboembolic risk in patients with atrial fibrillation undergoing transesophageal echocardiography before pulmonary vein isolation

Sarinya Puwanant, Brandon C Varr, Kevin Shrestha, Sarah K Hussain, W H Wilson Tang, Ruvin S Gabriel, Oussama M Wazni, Mandeep Bhargava, Walid I Saliba, James D Thomas, Bruce D Lindsay, Allan L Klein
Journal of the American College of Cardiology 2009 November 24, 54 (22): 2032-9
19926009

OBJECTIVES: The goals of this study were to determine: 1) if low-risk patients assessed by a CHADS(2) score, a clinical scoring system quantifying a risk of stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), require a routine screening transesophageal echocardiogram (TEE) before pulmonary vein isolation (PVI); and 2) the relationship of a CHADS(2) score with left atrial (LA)/left atrial appendage (LAA) spontaneous echo contrast, sludge, and thrombus.

BACKGROUND: There is no clear consensus of whether a screening TEE before catheter ablation of AF should be performed in every patient.

METHODS: Initial TEEs for pre-PVI of 1,058 AF patients (age 57 +/- 11 years, 80% men) were reviewed and compared with a CHADS(2) score.

RESULTS: CHADS(2) scores of 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 were present in 47%, 33%, 14%, 5%, 1%, 0.3%, and 0% of patients, respectively. The prevalence of LA/LAA thrombus, sludge, and spontaneous echo contrast were present in 0.6%, 1.5%, and 35%. The prevalence of LA/LAA thrombus/sludge increased with ascending CHADS(2) score (scores 0 [0%], 1 [2%], 2 [5%], 3 [9%], and 4 to 6 [11%], p < 0.01). No patient with a CHADS(2) score of 0 had LA/LAA sludge/thrombus. In a multivariate model, history of congestive heart failure and left ventricular ejection fraction <35% were significantly associated with sludge/thrombus.

CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of LA/LAA sludge/thrombus in patients with AF undergoing a pre-PVI screening TEE is very low (<2%) and increases significantly with higher CHADS(2) scores. This suggests that a screening TEE before PVI should be performed in patients with a CHADS(2) score of >or=1, and in patients with a CHADS(2) score of 0 when the AF is persistent and therapeutic anticoagulation has not been maintained for 4 weeks before the procedure.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
19926009
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"