Taxol induces paraptosis independent of both protein synthesis and MAPK pathway

Qingrui Sun, Tongsheng Chen, Xiaoping Wang, Xunbin Wei
Journal of Cellular Physiology 2010, 222 (2): 421-32
Our recent studies have shown that high concentration of taxol induced a caspase-independent paraptosis-like cell death and cytoplasmic vacuolization derived predominantly from endoplasmic reticulum (ER) swelling in human lung carcinoma cell lines (ASTC-a-1). In this report, we further explored the relationship between taxol-induced cell death and vacuolization, and the roles of protein synthesis, mitogen-activated protein kinase kinases (MEK), c-jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and P38 in taxol-induced paraptosis. Enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) was used to probe the cell morphological change, while ER-targeted red fluorescent protein (er-RFP) was used to probe ER spatial distribution. Real-time monitoring of the ER swelling dynamics during the formation of vacuolization inside single living cells co-expressing EGFP and er-RFP further demonstrated that taxol-induced cytoplasmic vacuolization was from the ER restructuring due to fusion and swelling. PI staining showed that taxol-induced vacuolization was not necrosis. These results further demonstrated that the taxol-induced cell death was neither apoptosis nor necrosis, and fitted the criteria of paraptosis characterized by cytoplasmic vacuolization, caspase-independence, lack of apoptotic morphology and insensitivity to broad caspase inhibitor. Our data further indicated that taxol-induced paraptosis required neither protein synthesis nor the participation of MEK, JNK, and P38, which was different from the insulin-like growth factor I receptor (IGFIR)-induced paraptosis. These results suggest that high concentration of taxol activates an alternative paraptotic cell death pathway.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"