[Renal and perinephric abscesses: a series of 44 cases]

Juan Fullá, Oscar Storme, Alberto Fica, M Antonieta Varas, José Flores, Fernando Marchant, Daniel Varas
Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología 2009, 26 (5): 445-51
Renal abscesses are infrequent event and may occasionally be fatal. In order to characterize its main clinical features, its diagnosis and evolution, a retrospective-descriptive study was done with cases identified between 1996 and 2006 in a teaching hospital. Forty-four cases were collected (mean age 49.9 years). Diabetes mellitus was present in 38.6%, urinary calculi in 36.4%, and previous urinary tract infection in 11.4% of the studied population. Enterobacteriaceae were the most frequent isolated microorganisms (44.4%), and 33.3% had a poli-microbial culture in abscess samples. S. aureus was rarely identified. Main therapeutic approaches were minimally invasive procedures (pigtails, percutaneous drainage or nephrostomy) in 50% followed by surgical interventions (nephrectomy or surgical debridement) in approximately 30%. Only 20.5% of patients were treated exclusively by antibiotics. Minimally invasive procedures were applied progressively after 2001 (p < 0.005). In this series case-fatality rate was 4.5%; 13.6% (n = 6) developed septic shock. Nephrectomy was performed in 9 cases (20.5%). Patients selected for nephrostomy had a lower risk for ICU admission (Odds Ratio 0.083 IC95 0.008-0.911). Renal abscesses are cause of morbidity but had a low case-fatality ratio; the therapeutic approach has changed in recent years favoring at present minimally invasive procedures.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.