Effect of atorvastatin on paraoxonase1 (PON1) and oxidative status

Amar Nagila, Thinnakorn Permpongpaiboon, Soontharee Tantrarongroj, Pornwalee Porapakkham, Kultira Chinwattana, Sara Deakin, Sureerut Porntadavity
Pharmacological Reports: PR 2009, 61 (5): 892-8
It has been proposed that paraoxonase1 (PON1), a high density lipoprotein (HDL)-associated esterase/lactonase, has anti-atherosclerotic properties. The activity of PON1 is influenced by PON1 polymorphisms. However, the influence of PON1 polymorphisms on PON1 activity and oxidative stress in response to lipid-lowering drugs remains poorly understood. The objective of the present study was to investigate the effects of atorvastatin on PON1 activity and oxidative status. The influence of PON1 polymorphisms on PON1 activity and oxidative status in response to atorvastatin treatment was also evaluated. In total, 22 hypercholesterolemic patients were treated with atorvastatin at a dose of 10 mg/day for 3 months. Lipid profile, lipid oxidation markers (malondialdehyde (MDA), conjugated diene (CD), total peroxides (TP)), total antioxidant substance (TAS), oxidative stress index (OSI), and paraoxonase1 activity were determined before and after treatment. L55M, Q192R, and T(-107)C PON1 polymorphisms were also determined. Atorvastatin treatment significantly reduced the levels of total cholesterol (24.5%), low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol (25.4%), triglycerides (24.4%), CD (4.4%), MDA (15.2%), TP (13.0%) and OSI (24.0%), and significantly increased the levels of TAS (27.3%), and PON1 activity (14.0%). Interestingly, the increase in PON1 activity and the reduction in oxidative stress in response to atorvastatin were influenced only by the PON1 T-107C polymorphism. Atorvastatin treatment improved the lipid profile, lipid oxidation, and oxidative/antioxidative status markers including the activity of PON1 towards paraoxon. These beneficial effects may be attributed to the antioxidant properties of statins and the increase in PON1 activity. The increase in PON1 activity was enhanced by the PON1 T-107C polymorphism.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"