Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Association between exposure to topical tacrolimus or pimecrolimus and cancers.

BACKGROUND: The Food and Drug Administration has issued a public health advisory regarding cancer risk from topical calcineurin inhibitors.

OBJECTIVE: To compare the rates of cancer among patients with common dermatologic conditions who were exposed or not exposed to topical calcineurin inhibitors.

METHODS: A retrospective cohort observational study used data from an integrated healthcare delivery system on 953,064 subjects with diagnoses of atopic dermatitis or eczema between 2001 and December 2004. The main endpoint was initial cancer diagnosis. Chart review was performed to confirm cancer diagnosis in the subjects exposed to topical calcineurin inhibitors when any particular cancer rate was at least 3 times higher than that in unexposed subjects. Data were analyzed using the Cox proportional hazards model.

RESULTS: Age- and sex-adjusted hazard ratios for all cancers were 0.93 (95% CI 0.81 to 1.07; p = 0.306) for tacrolimus-exposed versus -unexposed subjects and 1.15 (95% CI 0.99 to 1.31; p = 0.054) for pimecrolimus-exposed versus -unexposed subjects. T-cell lymphoma was the only cancer associated with a significantly increased risk among subjects exposed to tacrolimus (HR = 5.04, 95% CI 2.39 to 10.63; p < 0.001) or pimecrolimus (HR = 3.76, 95% CI 1.71 to 8.28; p = 0.010). Subsequent chart review of subjects in the exposed group with T-cell lymphoma found that 4 of 16 had skin lesions that were suspected to be the early lesions of T-cell lymphoma prior to exposure to tacrolimus or pimecrolimus. After these 4 cases were excluded, the age and sex hazard ratio for T-cell lymphoma was 5.44 (95% CI 2.51 to 11.79; p < 0.001) for tacrolimus and 2.32 (95% CI 0.89 to 6.07; p = 0.086) for pimecrolimus. There was no statistically significantly increased risk for other subgroups of cancer, including melanoma.

CONCLUSIONS: Exposure to topical tacrolimus or pimecrolimus was not associated with an increase in the overall cancer rate. Use of topical tacrolimus may be associated with an increased risk of T-cell lymphoma.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Read by QxMD is copyright © 2021 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app