Ibuprofen modulates NF-kB activity but not IL-8 production in cystic fibrosis respiratory epithelial cells

Nurlan Dauletbaev, Joyce Lam, Daniel Eklove, Michele Iskandar, Larry C Lands
Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases 2010, 79 (3): 234-42

BACKGROUND: High-dose ibuprofen is clinically effective in cystic fibrosis (CF); however, its molecular mechanisms are poorly understood.

OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that clinically relevant concentrations of ibuprofen suppress activation of nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB and thus down-regulate stimulated interleukin (IL)-8 production in CF respiratory epithelial cells.

METHODS: The majority of experiments were conducted in CFTE29o- cells (F508del-mutated CF transmembrane regulator, CFTR). Key experiments were confirmed in CFBE41o- cells (F508del-mutated CFTR) and 1HAEo- cells (wild-type CFTR). NF-kappaB and IL-8 were stimulated with tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha or IL-1beta. NF-kappaB and IL-8 suppression by ibuprofen (480 microM) was compared to dexamethasone (5 nM).

RESULTS: Both TNF-alpha and IL-1beta activated NF-kappaB and stimulated IL-8 production. Both ibuprofen and dexamethasone demonstrated comparably modest suppression of NF-kappaB transcriptional activity. However, ibuprofen had no effect on stimulated IL-8 mRNA and protein. By contrast, dexamethasone significantly down-regulated stimulated IL-8 mRNA and protein.

CONCLUSIONS: The present data do not support the hypothesis that ibuprofen down-regulates IL-8 production in response to TNF-alpha and IL-1beta in CF respiratory epithelium. Suppression of NF-kappaB transcriptional activity does not discriminate between anti-inflammatory drugs with or without effects on IL-8 production. We speculate that NF-kappaB-independent mechanisms may be responsible for anti-IL-8 effects of dexamethasone.

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