Phoma herbarum as a new gibberellin-producing and plant growth-promoting fungus

Muhammad Hamayun, Sumera Afzal Khan, Abdul Latif Khan, Gauhar Rehman, Eun-Young Sohn, Aamer Ali Shah, Sang-Kuk Kim, Gil-Jae Joo, In-Jung Lee
Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 2009, 19 (10): 1244-9
Endophytic fungi are known for the production of valuable metabolites, but information on the gibberellin production capacity of this group is limited. We isolated 9 endophytic fungi from the roots of salt-stressed soybean plants and screened them on waito-c rice, in order to identify plant growth promoting fungal strains. The fungal isolate TK- 2-4 gave maximum plant length (20.35 cm) promotion in comparison with wild-type Gibberella fujikuroi (19.5 cm). In a separate experiment, bioassay of TK-2-4 promoted plant length and biomass of soybean cultivar Taegwangkong. The TK-2-4 culture filtrate was analyzed for the presence of gibberellins, and it was found that all physiologically active gibberellins, especially GA(4) and GA(7), were present in higher amounts (GA(1), 0.11 ng/ml; GA(3), 2.91 ng/ml; GA(4), 3.21 ng/ml; and GA(7), 1.4 ng/ml) in conjunction with physiologically inactive GA(9) (0.05 ng/ml), GA(12) (0.23 ng/ ml), GA(15) (0.42 ng/ml), GA(19) (0.53 ng/ml), and GA(20) (0.06 ng/ml). The fungal isolate TK-2-4 was later identified as a new strain of Phoma herbarum, through the phylogenetic analysis of 28S rDNA sequence.

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