Casopitant improves the quality of life in patients receiving highly emetogenic chemotherapy

Cesare Gridelli, Amin M Haiderali, Mark W Russo, Linda M Blackburn, Konstantinos Lykopoulos
Supportive Care in Cancer 2010, 18 (11): 1437-44

PURPOSE: The control of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) is critical in preventing poor health outcomes and increasing patient quality of life. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of the addition of casopitant to dual-combination therapy of dexamethasone and ondansetron on quality of life in patients receiving highly emetogenic chemotherapy (HEC).

METHODS: In a multicenter, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, add-on trial (N = 810), patients were randomized to intravenous (IV) ondansetron/dexamethasone alone (control) or in combination with either a single 150-mg oral dose of casopitant or 3-day IV/oral casopitant. Quality of life was assessed as impact of nausea and vomiting on daily life using the Functional Living Index Emesis (FLIE) questionnaire. Patients completed the FLIE questionnaire at baseline prior to receiving chemotherapy and after completion of the first cycle of HEC.

RESULTS: Patients in the single oral dose and 3-day IV/oral casopitant groups scored higher mean total FLIE scores (115.7 and 114.0, respectively; p ≤ 0.0332) than patients in the control group (107.5), indicating that casopitant patients experienced less impact from nausea and vomiting on daily life. The overall absolute difference in the proportion of patients reporting CINV with no impact on daily life between the single oral casopitant group and the control group was 13%; the difference between the 3-day IV/oral casopitant group and the control group was 14%.

CONCLUSION: The addition of casopitant to ondansetron and dexamethasone in patients receiving HEC was significantly more effective in reducing the impact of nausea and vomiting on all daily life activities as assessed by the FLIE compared with ondansetron/dexamethasone dual therapy.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"