Evidence of left ventricular systolic dysfunction detected by automated function imaging in patients with heart failure and preserved left ventricular ejection fraction

Yen-Wen Liu, Wei-Chuan Tsai, Chi-Ting Su, Chin-Chan Lin, Jyh-Hong Chen
Journal of Cardiac Failure 2009, 15 (9): 782-9

BACKGROUND: Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) cannot reflect cardiac contractile function in patients with heart failure and preserved LVEF (HFPEF). LV systolic impairment is actually debated in HFPEF patients. Automated function imaging (AFI) is a novel algorithm of speckle-tracking echocardiography and efficiently to assess global LV peak systolic longitudinal strain (PSLS), an index for systolic function. The purpose of the study is to examine whether contractile function is impaired in HFPEF patients.

METHODS AND RESULTS: This study included 49 heart failure patients (23 with systolic dysfunction [SHF] and 26 with HFPEF), and 40 patients, matched for age, sex, as well as concomitant disease and without heart failure as controls. All patients underwent transthoracic echocardiography. LVEF was measured by Simpson's method. Two-dimensional speckle tracking imaging with AFI assessment was applied to measure longitudinal strain. LVEF was 66+/-5% in the controls, 63+/-8% in the HFPEF group (P=.14), and 34+/-10% in the SHF group (P < .001). The value of LV global PSLS (controls: -20%, HFPEF: -14%, SHF: -8%, P < .001) was significantly less negative in both heart failure groups.

CONCLUSIONS: Deteriorated LV systolic function is demonstrated by decreased global PSLS in HFPEF patients. AFI is an effective and facile method for assessing LV systolic abnormalities.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"