JOURNAL ARTICLE

Erythrocyte sedimentation rate, C-reactive protein level, and serum amyloid a protein for patient selection and monitoring of anti-tumor necrosis factor treatment in ankylosing spondylitis

Mirjam K de Vries, Izhar C van Eijk, Irene E van der Horst-Bruinsma, Mike J L Peters, Michael T Nurmohamed, Ben A C Dijkmans, Bouke P C Hazenberg, Gerrit J Wolbink
Arthritis and Rheumatism 2009 November 15, 61 (11): 1484-90
19877087

OBJECTIVE: To study the usefulness of erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein (CRP), and serum amyloid A (SAA) for response prediction and monitoring of anti-tumor necrosis factor (anti-TNF) treatment in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients.

METHODS: Patients were included consecutively before starting etanercept or infliximab treatment. ASsessment in Ankylosing Spondylitis (ASAS) response, defined as a 50% improvement or an absolute improvement of 2 points of the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI; 0-10 scale), was assessed at 3 months. Inflammatory markers and the BASDAI were collected at baseline and 1 and 3 months. Longitudinal data analysis was performed to compare associations between inflammatory markers and the BASDAI over time by calculating standardized betas. Predictive values of baseline levels of inflammatory markers for ASAS response were calculated.

RESULTS: In total, 155 patients were included, of whom, after 3 months of treatment, 70% in the etanercept cohort and 71% in the infliximab cohort responded. All markers, notably SAA, decreased significantly (P < 0.0001). Standardized betas were 0.49 for ESR, 0.43 for CRP, and 0.39 for SAA. Normal baseline levels of CRP and SAA were significantly associated with nonresponse. A combination of elevated CRP and SAA levels at baseline revealed the highest predictive value (81%) for ASAS response.

CONCLUSION: ESR, CRP, and SAA were significantly associated with the BASDAI over 3 months, and the association with ESR was the strongest. Elevated baseline CRP and SAA levels revealed the highest predictive value for response. Together, this study demonstrates that inflammatory markers, and notably CRP and SAA, may facilitate patient selection and monitoring of efficacy of anti-TNF treatment in AS, and could be added to response criteria.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
19877087
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"