Role of histone modifications and DNA methylation in the regulation of O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase gene expression in human stomach cancer cells

Chun-Feng Meng, Xin-Jiang Zhu, Guo Peng, Dong-Qiu Dai
Cancer Investigation 2010, 28 (4): 331-9
To determine a possible function of histone modifications in stomach carcinogenesis, we analyzed global and MGMT-promoter levels of di-methyl-H3-K9, di-methyl-H3-K4 and acetyl-H3-K9, as well as MGMT DNA methylation and mRNA expression following treatment with 5-aza-2' -deoxycytidine and/or Trichostatin A. We found that histone H3-K9 di-methylation, H3-K4 di-methylation, H3-K9 acetylation and DNA methylation work in combination to silence MGMT. The results indicate that histone modifications as well as DNA methylation may be involved in stomach carcinogenesis. In addition to its effect on DNA methylation, 5-aza-2' -deoxycytidine can act at histone modification level to reactivate MGMT expression in a region-specific and DNA methylation-dependent manner.

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