Parasomnias and movement disorders in children and adolescents

Elana R Bloomfield, Jess P Shatkin
Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America 2009, 18 (4): 947-65
Childhood parasomnias and movement disorders arise from a variety of etiologic factors. For some children, psychopathology plays a causal role in sleep disorders; in other cases, recurrent parasomnia episodes induce psychopathology. Current research reveals complex interconnections between sleep and mental health. As such, it is important that clinicians consider the impact psychiatric disorders have on childhood parasomnias. This article describes common parasomnias and movement disorders in children and adolescents, with emphasis on psychologic and behavioral comorbidities.

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