Nir-chemical imaging study of acetylsalicylic acid in commercial tablets

Jordi Cruz, Manel Bautista, José Manuel Amigo, Marcel Blanco
Talanta 2009 December 15, 80 (2): 473-8
Near Infrared Chemical Imaging (NIR-CI) is demonstrating an increasing interest in pharmaceutical research since it meets the challenging analytical needs of pharmaceutical quality and may serve as a versatile adjunct to conventional NIR spectroscopy in many fields. The direct analysis of samples by using hyperspectral imaging techniques, which provide a NIR spectrum in each pixel of the image, generates a big amount of information from one sample. Focusing the interest in pharmaceutical research, several chemometric algorithms are demonstrating their usefulness extracting the relevant information (i.e. quantitative determination of the component in one sample) in tablets with only one sample and without damaging it. In this work, a quantitative method to analyze different commercial Acetylsalicylic acid tablets is proposed by using Multivariate Curve Resolution-Alternating Least Squares (MCR-ALS) method to the hyperspectral image and without any previous calibration model. For this purpose, a large concentration range of active pharmaceutical ingredient (ASA, Acetylsalicylic acid in this work), between 82% and 12%, was covered depending on the manufacturer. MCR-ALS allowed obtaining a concentration maps for acetylsalicylic acid and therefore, consequent analysis of the ASA distribution in the tablet was developed by using the histograms of the distribution of concentration. Results certified the good distribution of ASA despite the different origins of the tablets. Moreover, the obtained values of concentration showed a very good concordance with the nominal value of ASA. As a matter of fact, the quality of the results demonstrated the useful of encompassing NIR-CI techniques with MCR-ALS and, consequently, the well development on the production of Acetylsalicylic acid tablets.

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