JOURNAL ARTICLE

FTY720 and SEW2871 reverse the inhibitory effect of S1P on natural killer cell mediated lysis of K562 tumor cells and dendritic cells but not on cytokine release

Johannes Rolin, Kristin L Sand, Eirunn Knudsen, Azzam A Maghazachi
Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy: CII 2010, 59 (4): 575-86
19823820
The aims of this study are to examine the effect of sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) on IL-2-activated natural killer (NK) cell lysis of K562 tumor cells and immature dendritic cells (iDCs), and to investigate the mechanisms involved in S1P activity. Our results show that S1P protected K562 cells or iDCs from NK cell lysis, which was reversed by FTY720 and SEW2871, the antagonists of S1P(1). S1P did not modulate the expression of NKG2D, NKp30, NKp44 or CD158 on the surface of NK cells, and neither affected the expression of CD80, CD83, or CD86 on the surface of DCs. In contrast, it increased the expression of HLA-I and HLA-E on DCs, an activity that was inhibited by FTY720 or SEW2871. Similarly, the inhibitory effect of S1P for NK cell lysis of K562 cells was directed toward S1P(1) expressed on the tumor cells but not on NK cells. Further analysis indicates that NK cells secreted various cytokines and chemokines with various intensities: (1) low (IL-4, IL-6, IL-12, TNF-alpha and MCP-1); (2) intermediate (IL-1beta, IL-10, TGF-beta1, and IL-17A); (3) high (IFN-gamma, and MIP-1alpha); and (4) very high (MIP-1beta). S1P significantly reduced the release of IL-17A and IFN-gamma from NK cells, but this inhibition was S1P(1)-independent. These results indicate that S1P is an anti-inflammatory molecule, and that S1P(1) is important for the interaction among NK cells and tumor cells or DCs leading to up-regulation of HLA-I and HLA-E on the surface of DCs, but not in S1P inhibition of the release of inflammatory cytokines from NK cells. Further, the results suggest that FTY720 and SEW2871 may potentially be used as prophylactic and/or therapeutic drugs to treat cancer patients.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
19823820
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"