Effects of a pure alpha/beta-adrenergic receptor blocker on monocrotaline-induced pulmonary arterial hypertension with right ventricular hypertrophy in rats

Masaya Ishikawa, Naoki Sato, Kuniya Asai, Teruo Takano, Kyoichi Mizuno
Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society 2009, 73 (12): 2337-41

BACKGROUND: It is unclear how much the sympathetic nervous system is involved in the development of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). The present study examined whether or not a pure alpha/beta-adrenergic receptor blocker (arotinolol) could prevent the development of PAH and right ventricular hypertrophy (RVH) in a rat model of monocrotaline (MCT)-induced PAH.

METHODS AND RESULTS: The heart rate, arterial blood pressure (BP), left ventricular pressure, pulmonary artery pressure (PAP), and right ventricular pressure (RVP) were measured after administration of arotinolol or saline for 2 weeks. Ventricular weight and myocyte size were also measured. Mean PAP was increased less in the arotinolol group (n=6), (53 +/-9 vs 21 +/-2 mmHg in the control (n=6); P<0.01). Systolic RVP was also less in the arotinolol group (41 +/-3 vs 91 +/-14 mmHg in the control, P<0.05) without differences in BP. It also significantly reduced the RV/body weight ratio (0.58 +/-0.01 vs 0.77 +/-0.04 mg/g; P<0.01). Furthermore, the myocyte width was significantly decreased in the arotinolol group.

CONCLUSIONS: The pure alpha/beta-blocker arotinolol prevented the progression of MCT-induced PAH and RVH in rats, suggesting that sympathetic nervous activation might play a role in the development of PAH.

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