Prolonged cigarette smoke exposure decreases heme oxygenase-1 and alters Nrf2 and Bach1 expression in human macrophages: roles of the MAP kinases ERK(1/2) and JNK

D Goven, A Boutten, V Leçon-Malas, J Boczkowski, M Bonay
FEBS Letters 2009 November 3, 583 (21): 3508-18
Tobacco may be involved in the decreased macrophage heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) expression described in smoking-induced severe emphysema, via the nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2)/Kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1 (Keap1)-BTB and CNC homology 1, basic leucine zipper transcription factor 1 (Bach1) pathway. We assessed in vitro effects of cigarette smoke condensate (CS) in the human monocyte/macrophage cell line (THP-1). CS exposure led to increased HO-1 and nuclear Nrf2 expression (6 h) followed by decreased HO-1 expression concomitantly with nuclear Nrf2/Bach1 ratio decrease (72h). CS-induced mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) phosphorylation. Extracellular-signal-regulated kinase(1/2) (ERK(1/2)) and c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK) inhibition completely abrogated CS effects on HO-1 expression and nuclear Nrf2/Bach1 translocation. These results suggest that ERK(1/2) and JNK are involved in CS-induced biphasic HO-1 expression by a specific regulation of Nrf2/Keap1-Bach1.

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