Enhancement of chondrogenesis of human adipose derived stem cells in a hyaluronan-enriched microenvironment

Shun-Cheng Wu, Je-Ken Chang, Chih-Kuang Wang, Gwo-Jaw Wang, Mei-Ling Ho
Biomaterials 2010, 31 (4): 631-40
Microenvironment plays a critical role in guiding stem cell differentiation. We investigated the enhancing effect of a hyaluronan (HA)-enriched microenvironment on human adipose derived stem cell (hADSC) chondrogenesis for articular cartilage tissue engineering. The hADSCs were obtained from patients undergoing hip replacement. HA-coated wells and HA-modified poly-(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (HA/PLGA) scaffolds were used as the HA-enriched microenvironment. The mRNA expressions of chondrogenic (SOX-9, aggrecan and collagen type II), fibrocartilage (collagen type I), and hypertrophic (collagen type X) marker genes were quantified by real-time polymerase chain reaction. Sulfated glycosaminoglycan (sGAG) deposition was detected by Alcian blue, safranin-O staining, and dimethylmethylene blue (DMMB) assays. Localized collagen type II was detected by immunohistochemistry. The hADSCs cultured in HA-coated wells (0.005-0.5 mg/cm(2)) showed enhanced aggregation and mRNA expressions (SOX-9, collagen type II, and aggrecan) after 24h, and sGAG content was also significantly increased after 9 days of culture. The HA-modified PLGA did not change the cell adherence and viability of hADSCs. The mRNA expressions of chondrogenic marker genes were significantly enhanced in hADSCs cultured in HA/PLGA rather than those cultured in the PLGA scaffold after 1, 3, and 5 days of culture. The hADSCs cultured in HA/PLGA produced higher levels of sGAG and collagen type II, compared to those in the PLGA scaffold after 4 weeks of cultures. Our results suggest that HA-enriched microenvironment induces chondrogenesis in hADSCs, which may be beneficial in articular cartilage tissue engineering.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"