JOURNAL ARTICLE

[Influence of liposome-mediated recombinant plasmid pIRES-hBMP-2-hVEGF165 on osteogenic activity of hBMSCs in vitro]

Guoping Wu, Xiaochuan He, Zhihui Yang, Li Guo
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery 2009, 23 (9): 1124-8
19817303

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of the recombinant plasmid pIRES-hBMP-2-hVEGFl65 on differentiation and maturation of hBMSCs in vitro.

METHODS: The co-expressing vector of hBMP-2 and hVEGF165 was constructed. The BMSCs were isolated and cultured from health adult human denoted marrow. By the lipofection method, the reconstructed plasmids pIRES-hBMP-2-hVEGF165, pIRES-hBMP-2, pIRES-hVEGF165 and pIRES neo empty vector, were transfected to hBMSCs (groups A, B, C and D). The untransfected cells were harvested as control group (group E). After 4 weeks of culture, RT-PCR was employed to assay the hBMP-2, hVEGF165 and osteocalcin mRNA expression in hBMSCs. The expressions of hBMP-2 and hVEGF165 of BMSCs were assayed by Western blot. The level of ALP activities of BMSCs was determined. Col I was also determined by immunohistochemical staining.

RESULTS: Compared to group E, the hBMSCs in group A secreted high level of hBMP-2, hVEGF165, Col I and osteocalcin; osteocalcin and Col I expressed at high level in group B, and hVEGF165 expressed at high level in group C. Otherwise, the expression of hVEGF165 in group B and the expressions of hBMP-2 and Col I in group C resemble to that of groups D and E, no expression or few expression was observed. The activities of ALP in groups A, B, C, D and E were 0.91 +/- 0.03, 0.90 +/- 0.02, 0.64 +/- 0.03, 0.67 +/- 0.01 and 0.66 +/- 0.02, respectively. The activity of ALP of groups A and B were significantly increased compared with that of group E (P < 0.05); there was no significant difference among groups C, D and E (P > 0.05).

CONCLUSION: The recombinant plasmid pIRES-hBMP-2-hVEGF165 can be successfully transfected into BMSCs with cation liposome-mediated transfection method, the exogenous hBMP-2 and hVEGF165 genes can be expressed constitutively in the transfected BMSCs, and it can enhance the differentiation abilities of BMSCs.

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