Inferior and lateral electrocardiographic repolarization abnormalities in Brugada syndrome

Andrea Sarkozy, Gian-Battista Chierchia, Gaetano Paparella, Tim Boussy, Carlo De Asmundis, Marcus Roos, Stefan Henkens, Leonard Kaufman, Ronald Buyl, Ramon Brugada, Josep Brugada, Pedro Brugada
Circulation. Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology 2009, 2 (2): 154-61

BACKGROUND: Repolarization abnormalities in the inferior-lateral leads in Brugada syndrome (BS) have not been systematically investigated.

METHODS AND RESULTS: 280 patients (age, 41+/-18 years; 168 males) with BS were screened for inferior-lateral repolarization abnormalities. The repolarization abnormalities were classified either as early repolarization pattern or coved > or = 2-mm Brugada pattern and as spontaneous or class I antiarrhythmic drug (AAD) induced. Thirty-two patients (11%) had inferior-lateral spontaneous early repolarization pattern. These patients were less likely to be asymptomatic at first presentation (13 of 32 versus 156 of 248 patients, P=0.02), and spontaneous type I ECG was more frequent among them (38% versus 21%, P=0.05). The spontaneous early repolarization pattern occurred more frequently among patients with BS than in 283 family members not having BS (11% versus 6%, P=0.03). Class I AAD administration provoked inferior-lateral coved Brugada pattern in 13 patients with BS. These patients had longer baseline PR intervals (206+/-48 versus 172+/-31 ms, P<0.001) and class I AAD-induced QRS interval prolongation (108 to 178 versus 102 ms to 131 ms, P<0.001). In 3 patients, the class I AAD-provoked coved Brugada pattern was only present in the inferior leads.

CONCLUSIONS: Inferior-lateral early repolarization pattern occurs spontaneously relatively frequently in BS. These patients have a more severe phenotype. Class I AAD administration provokes inferior-lateral coved Brugada pattern in 4.6% of patients. We report for the first time 3 patients in whom the class I AAD-provoked coved Brugada pattern was only observed in the inferior leads.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"