Relationship between Sirt1 expression and mitochondrial proteins during conditions of chronic muscle use and disuse

Beatrice Chabi, Peter J Adhihetty, Michael F N O'Leary, Keir J Menzies, David A Hood
Journal of Applied Physiology 2009, 107 (6): 1730-5
Sirt1 is a NAD(+)-dependent histone deacetylase that interacts with the regulatory protein of mitochondrial biogenesis PGC-1alpha and is sensitive to metabolic alterations. We assessed whether a strict relationship between the expression of Sirt1, mitochondrial proteins, and PGC-1alpha existed across tissues possessing a wide range of oxidative capabilities, as well as in skeletal muscle subject to chronic use (voluntary wheel running or electrical stimulation for 7 days, 10 Hz; 3 h/day) or disuse (denervation for up to 21 days) in which organelle biogenesis is altered. PGC-1alpha levels were not closely associated with the expression of Sirt1, measured using immunoblotting or via enzymatic deacetylase activity. The mitochondrial protein cytochrome c increased by 70-90% in soleus and plantaris muscles of running animals, whereas Sirt1 activity remained unchanged. In chronically stimulated muscle, cytochrome c was increased by 30% compared with nonstimulated muscle, whereas Sirt1 activity was increased modestly by 20-25%. In contrast, in denervated muscle, these markers of mitochondrial content were decreased by 30-50% compared with the control muscle, whereas Sirt1 activity was increased by 75-80%. Our data suggest that Sirt1 and PGC-1alpha expression are independently regulated and that, although Sirt1 activity may be involved in mitochondrial biogenesis, its expression is not closely correlated to changes in mitochondrial proteins during conditions of chronic muscle use and disuse.


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