Transcutaneous bilirubin nomogram for prediction of significant neonatal hyperbilirubinemia

Anastasia Varvarigou, Sotirios Fouzas, Eleni Skylogianni, Lito Mantagou, Dorothea Bougioukou, Stefanos Mantagos
Pediatrics 2009, 124 (4): 1052-9

OBJECTIVE: The goal was to develop a predictive nomogram, based on transcutaneous bilirubin (TcB) measurements, for assessment of the risk of significant hyperbilirubinemia in healthy term and near-term neonates.

METHODS: A total of 10382 TcB measurements were performed with 2039 healthy neonates (gestational age of > or =35 weeks and birth weight of > or =2000 g), with a BiliCheck bilirubinometer (SpectRx, Norcross, GA), at designated time points between 12 and 120 hours of life. According to their severity, these TcB measurements were selectively cross-checked with a direct spectrophotometric device, and significant hyperbilirubinemia was defined on the basis of the hour-specific threshold values for phototherapy proposed by the American Academy of Pediatrics. With the use of likelihood ratios (LRs), the high- and low-risk demarcators for each designated time were calculated and presented on an hour-specific nomogram.

RESULTS: Significant hyperbilirubinemia was documented for 122 neonates (6%). At 24 hours of life, the high-risk zone of the nomogram had 73.9% sensitivity and a positive LR of 12.1 in predicting significant hyperbilirubinemia, whereas the low-risk zone had 97.7% sensitivity and a negative LR of 0.04. At 48 hours, the high-risk zone had 90% sensitivity and a positive LR of 12.1, whereas the low-risk zone had 98.8% sensitivity and a negative LR of 0.02. In our study population, the probability of significant hyperbilirubinemia would be >35% for values in the high-risk zone and <0.5% for values in the low-risk zone of the nomogram.

CONCLUSIONS: We provide a predictive TcB tool that could allow for a noninvasive, risk-based approach to neonatal hyperbilirubinemia.

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