Activation of cytosolic phospholipase A2alpha by epidermal growth factor (EGF) and phorbol ester in HeLa cells: different effects of inhibitors for EGF receptor, protein kinase C, Src, and C-Raf

Yasuo Matsuzawa, Yoshiaki Kiuchi, Kaori Toyomura, Ikiru Matsumoto, Hiroyuki Nakamura, Hiromichi Fujino, Toshihiko Murayama, Tatsuo Kawashima
Journal of Pharmacological Sciences 2009, 111 (2): 182-92
In several types of cancer cells, prostaglandins produced via the over-expression of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and cyclooxygenases regulate cell growth. We investigated the signaling mechanisms for the release of arachidonic acid (AA, a precursor for prostaglandins) in human cervical carcinoma HeLa cells. Treatment with EGF and 4beta-phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) with A23187 released AA accompanied by the phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK1/2). Pharmacological experiments showed that the responses (ERK phosphorylation and AA release) induced by EGF and PMA were mediated by a mitogen-activated protein kinase/ERK kinase (MEK)-ERK-alpha-type cytosolic phospholipase A(2) (cPLA(2)alpha) pathway and that EGFR couples with the pathway in a manner insensitive to sorafenib, an inhibitor of B- and C-Raf, enzymes upstream of MEK. Activation of protein kinase C by PMA couples with the pathway partly in a sorafenib-sensitive and probably C-Raf-mediated manner and partly in a family of Src tyrosine kinases (Src)-dependent and sorafenib-insensitive manner. Co-treatment with sorafenib and an inhibitor of Src family members additionally inhibited the PMA-induced release of AA. Cross-talk between EGFR and protein kinase C was not observed. In human lung carcinoma A549 cells, the release of AA by EGF was insensitive to sorafenib. Possible mechanisms for the sorafenib-insensitive activation of the MEK-ERK-cPLA(2)alpha pathway are discussed.

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