Modified Atkins diet for the treatment of nonconvulsive status epilepticus in children

Tomohiro Kumada, Tomoko Miyajima, Nobusuke Kimura, Keiko Saito, Hideki Shimomura, Nozomi Oda, Tatsuya Fujii
Journal of Child Neurology 2010, 25 (4): 485-9
The authors describe the use of a modified Atkins diet for the treatment of 2 children with nonconvulsive status epilepticus. Patient 1 was a 4-year-and-11-month-old girl diagnosed with frontal lobe epilepsy. Since the age of 3 years and 10 months, she had daily nonconvulsive status epilepticus resistant to antiepileptic agents. Patient 2 was a 5-year-and-5-month-old girl with subcortical band heterotopia. She had nonconvulsive status epilepticus daily since the age of 5 years. They were treated with the modified Atkins diet, in which carbohydrate intake was restricted to 10 g/d without restriction on protein, caloric, or fluid intake. The nonconvulsive status epilepticus disappeared 5 and 10 days after the initiation of the diet treatment, respectively. They have been on the diet treatment and free from nonconvulsive status epilepticus for 19 and 4 months, respectively. The modified Atkins diet appears to be very effective for the treatment of nonconvulsive status epilepticus.

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