In vivo effects of cetirizine on cutaneous reactivity and eosinophil migration induced by platelet-activating factor (PAF-acether) in man

R Fadel, B David, N Herpin-Richard, A Borgnon, R Rassemont, J P Rihoux
Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 1990, 86 (3 Pt 1): 314-20
The aim of the study was to determine the effect of cetirizine, a new potent H1 antihistamine, on acute cutaneous inflammatory response and eosinophil accumulation induced in vivo by platelet-activating-factor (PAF-acether) and allergen. In a double-blind, crossover study, seven subjects allergic to grass pollen and three nonallergic control subjects received orally either cetirizine, 20 mg/day, or placebo for 4 days. On day 4, the subjects were skin tested with grass pollen and PAF-acether (400 and 40 ng per site). After the challenge, an evaluation of time-course cutaneous eosinophil infiltrations by a skin window technique was performed. Cetirizine pretreatment reduced skin wheal and erythema elicited by allergen and PAF, 400 and 40 ng, by 74.6% (p less than 0.001), 53.9% (p less than 0.001), and 47% (p less than 0.01), respectively. Skin reactivity induced by PAF-acether was also significantly reduced by cetirizine in nonallergic subjects. Cetirizine reduced at hour 24 eosinophil infiltrations induced by allergen and PAF, 400 and 40 ng, by 63% (p less than 0.001), 58.5% (p less than 0.001), and 57.8% (p less than 0.01), respectively. This inhibitory effect of cetirizine on allergen and PAF-induced eosinophil infiltration was already effective 2 hours after the challenge. PAF induced a nonsignificant eosinophil influx in all nonallergic subjects. In conclusion, cetirizine inhibited both the immediate cutaneous response and the eosinophil influx induced by allergen and by a potent eosinophil chemotactic factor, such as PAF-acether. Therefore, cetirizine, besides its anti-H1 effect, has the potential to modulate the allergic inflammatory response.

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