Prevention of inappropriate ICD shocks in patients with Brugada syndrome

Christian Veltmann, Juergen Kuschyk, Rainer Schimpf, Florian Streitner, Nina Schoene, Martin Borggrefe, Christian Wolpert
Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society 2010, 99 (1): 37-44

BACKGROUND: In Brugada syndrome implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) therapy is associated with a high rate of inappropriate therapies, mainly due to supraventricular tachyarrhythmias (SVT) (2.7-14.1%/year). Aim of the present study was to evaluate a single ventricular fibrillation (VF) detection zone with a high cut-off rate with respect to prevention of inappropriate ICD shock due to SVT and safety of this programming.

METHODS: Sixty-one consecutive patients (mean age 42.6 +/- 12.9 years; 41 males) diagnosed with Brugada syndrome and implanted with an ICD were included. ICDs were prospectively programmed with a single VF detection zone and a cut-off rate of 222 beats/minute (bpm). A maximum of six shocks with the maximal shock energy were programmed. The minimal follow-up was 1 year.

RESULTS: During a follow-up of 47.6 +/- 23.1 months seven patients (2.91%/year) received appropriate ICD shocks. No patient suffered from syncope or died. Five patients (2.07%/year) received inappropriate ICD shocks: four patients due to T-wave oversensing and only one patient (0.4%/year) due to SVT (atrial fibrillation with a ventricular rate of >222 bpm).

CONCLUSIONS: Programming of a single, high-rate VF zone in patients with Brugada syndrome and an implanted defibrillator is safe. Such programming may be associated with reduced inappropriate defibrillator discharges. A single detection zone with a high VF cut-off rate can be recommended in patients with Brugada syndrome.

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