Journal Article
Multicenter Study
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Effects of initiating insulin and metformin on glycemic control and inflammatory biomarkers among patients with type 2 diabetes: the LANCET randomized trial.

JAMA 2009 September 17
CONTEXT: As diabetes is in part an inflammatory condition, the initiation of insulin and/or metformin may beneficially reduce levels of inflammatory biomarkers such as high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP).

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether insulin alone or combined with metformin lowers levels of hsCRP, IL-6, and soluble tumor necrosis factor receptor 2 (sTNFr2) in patients with recent-onset type 2 diabetes mellitus.

DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Randomized 2 x 2 factorial trial of open-label insulin glargine and placebo-controlled metformin in 500 adults with type 2 diabetes (median time from diagnosis, 2.0 years), suboptimal glycemic control, and elevated hsCRP levels. Patients were recruited from US office-based practices between October 2006 and December 2008.

INTERVENTION: Random allocation to 1 of 4 treatments (placebo metformin only, placebo metformin and insulin glargine, active metformin only, or active metformin and insulin glargine) with dose titration targeting fasting blood glucose less than 110 mg/dL.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Change in hsCRP level (primary end point) and change in IL-6 and sTNFr2 levels (secondary end points) from baseline to 14 weeks.

RESULTS: Levels of glucose and glycated hemoglobin (HbA(1c)) were significantly reduced with active treatment vs placebo (all P values <.001). Levels of hsCRP were reduced in all 4 groups. There was no significant difference in hsCRP reduction among those allocated to insulin (-11.8%; 95% CI, -18.7% to -4.4%) or to no insulin (-17.5%; 95% CI, -23.9% to -10.5%) (P for difference = .25), or among those allocated to active metformin (-18.1%; 95% CI, -24.4% to -11.1%) or placebo metformin (-11.2%; 95% CI, -18.1% to -3.7%) (P for difference = .17). In the individual treatment groups, despite a differential impact on glucose control, reductions in hsCRP in the metformin (-16.1%; 95% CI, -25.1% to -6.1%) and metformin plus insulin (-20.1%; 95% CI, -28.8% to -10.4%) groups were no different than reductions with placebo alone (-19.0%; 95% CI, -27.8% to -9.1%; P = .67 and .87 vs placebo, respectively). By contrast, hsCRP reduction was attenuated with insulin alone (-2.9%, 95% CI, -13.2% to 8.6%; P = .03 vs placebo). Similar findings were noted for levels of IL-6 and sTNFr2.

CONCLUSION: In patients with recent-onset type 2 diabetes, treatment with insulin or metformin compared with placebo did not reduce inflammatory biomarker levels despite improving glucose control.

TRIAL REGISTRATION: Identifier: NCT00366301.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app