JOURNAL ARTICLE

[Effects of Naomaitong combined with mobilization of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells on neuron apoptosis and expressions of Fas, FasL and caspase-3 proteins in rats with cerebral ischemia]

Jian-sheng Li, Jing-xia Liu, Yu-shou Tian, Wei-hong Ren, Xin-feng Zhang, Ding-chao Wang
Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Xue Bao, Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine 2009, 7 (9): 860-7
19747443

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects of Naomaitong, a compound traditional Chinese herbal medicine, combined with mobilization of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) on neuron apoptosis in rats with cerebral ischemia, and to explore the possible mechanism by detecting the expressions of Fas, FasL and caspase-3 proteins.

METHODS: Two hundred and two SD rats were divided into sham-operated group, untreated group, recombinant granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (rG-CSF) group, Naomaitong group and Naomaitong plus rG-CSF group (combination group). Focal cerebral ischemia was induced by intraluminal middle cerebral artery occlusion using a nylon thread with some modification. Rats in the rG-CSF group and the untreated group were administered with rG-CSF 10 microg/(kg x d) by subcutaneous injection 3 d before and 2 d after the operation respectively, once a day, and rats in the Naomaitong group and the combination group were intragastrically administered Naomaitong before and after the operation until sacrificed. Two, three, seven and fourteen days after operation, count of CD34-positive cells in peripheral blood and CD34 expression in brain tissue were determined. General neural function score (GNFS) was evaluated. Neuron apoptosis, expressions of Fas, FasL and caspase-3 in rat's brain were all measured.

RESULTS: Count of CD34-positive cells in peripheral blood and CD34 expression in brain tissue were high in the untreated group, and reached the peak at 3 d and 7 d respectively. CD34 expression in brain tissue was increased in each treated group, especially in the combination group. GNFS was increased at 3 d and 7 d in the untreated group, 7 d and 14 d in the rG-CSF group and the combination group. Expressions of Fas, FasL and caspase-3 were increased 2, 3 and 7 d after operation, while expression of FasL at 2 d in the rG-CSF group, expressions of Fas, FasL and caspase-3 in the combination group were decreased. Expressions of Fas, FasL and caspase-3 at 7 d and 14 d in the combination group were lower than those in the rG-CSF group. Meanwhile, expressions of Fas, FasL and caspase-3 were decreased in each group at 14 d as compared with those at 3 d.

CONCLUSION: There exists interaction between Naomaitong and BMSC mobilization in the effect of improving nerve function and inhibiting neuron apoptosis in rats after cerebral ischemia. It is implied that Naomaitong combined with BMSC mobilization down-regulates the expressions of Fas and FasL in early phase and then inhibits the apoptosis cascade reaction caused by caspase-3, which causes further inhibition of Fas and FasL expression after cerebral ischemia.

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