Surgical risk of preoperative malperfusion in acute type A aortic dissection

Evaldas Girdauskas, Thomas Kuntze, Michael A Borger, Volkmar Falk, Friedrich-Wilhelm Mohr
Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery 2009, 138 (6): 1363-9

OBJECTIVE: Patients who have type A dissection with preoperative malperfusion syndromes are believed to be at extremely high surgical risk. Our aim was to evaluate perioperative and long-term results of patients with preoperative malperfusion.

METHODS: A total of 276 patients (174 men; mean age 59.5 +/- 13.4 years) underwent surgery for acute type A dissection between October 1994 and January 2008. Preoperative malperfusion syndromes were diagnosed in 93 (33.7%) patients (group I) and involved coronary circulation in 41 (15%) patients, central nervous system in 39 (14%) patients, limb ischemia in 32 (11.6%) patients, and mesenteric circulation in 8 (3%) patients. Postoperative results were compared between patients with preoperative malperfusion and those without this complication (group II, n = 183).

RESULTS: In-hospital mortality was 29.0% in group I versus 13.6% in group II (P = .002). The postoperative intensive care unit stay was longer (11.4 +/- 9.7 vs 7.7 +/- 6.9 days; P = .04) in the malperfusion group. A total of 6 (75%) patients with mesenteric malperfusion died. Long-term follow-up (range, 1-122 months postoperatively) was available in 100% of survivors. One-year and 5-year overall survivals were 49.8% +/- 11.8% and 41.8% +/- 12.6% in group I versus 70.4% +/- 7.6% and 56% +/- 10.4% in group II (P = .005). Cox regression analysis identified preoperative malperfusion as a significant risk factor for long-term mortality after surgery for type A dissection (hazard ratio, 1.7; 95% confidence intervals, 1.2-3.1).

CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative malperfusion is a significant risk factor influencing perioperative and long-term survival after surgery for acute type A dissection. Percutaneous interventional procedures and delayed surgery should be considered in patients with clinically apparent mesenteric malperfusion because of the dismal prognosis of immediate surgical therapy.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"