The delayed phase of cisplatin-induced emesis is mediated by the area postrema and not the abdominal visceral innervation in the ferret

Nathalie Percie du Sert, John A Rudd, Raymond Moss, Paul L R Andrews
Neuroscience Letters 2009 November 6, 465 (1): 16-20
The anti-cancer chemotherapeutic agent cisplatin induces an acute (approximately 24 h) and delayed (approximately 24-72 h+) emetic response in humans; whereas the mechanism mediating the acute phase has been characterised, the delayed phase is relatively poorly understood. We have used nerve lesions (abdominal vagus, VX; greater splanchnic nerve, GSNX) and area postrema ablation (APX) in the ferret model of cisplatin (5 mg/kg, i.p.) delayed emesis and demonstrated that VX and VX+GSNX did not significantly modify the delayed emetic response (24-72 h), which consisted of 276.0+/-62.8 retches+vomits (R+V) in sham-operated ferrets and 167.2+/-34.0R+V and 214.8+/-40.2R+V, in the VX and VX+GSNX groups, respectively. APX virtually abolished the delayed phase of emesis and sham-operated ferrets had 93.0+/-22.9R+V whilst only 6.0+/-3.6R+V (p=0.009) were observed in APX animals. These data suggest that, in contrast to the acute emetic response triggered by cisplatin, the delayed phase does not rely on abdominal visceral afferents but is mediated via the area postrema.

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