JOURNAL ARTICLE

Differential effects of rolipram on chronic subcutaneous inflammatory angiogenesis and on peritoneal adhesion in mice

Juliana B Mendes, Monaliza A Rocha, Fernanda A Araújo, Sandra A L Moura, Mônica A N D Ferreira, Silvia Passos Andrade
Microvascular Research 2009, 78 (3): 265-71
19732781
The specific PDE4 inhibitor (rolipram) has been shown to attenuate excessive accumulation/activation of inflammatory cells and fibroblasts and cytokine production in several pathological conditions through cyclic nucleotide modulation. Here, using the murine sponge model to induce chronic subcutaneous inflammatory response and to elicit the formation of intraperitoneal adhesions we explored the hypothesis that rolipram would exert beneficial effects on decreasing key components of both processes (inflammatory cell recruitment, angiogenesis, and deposition of extracellular matrix component). Two doses of rolipram (0.2 or 2 mg/kg/day) were administered orally for 7 days in groups of mice bearing either subcutaneous or intraperitoneal polyether-polyurethane implants. Rolipram was effective in inhibiting angiogenesis as assessed by hemoglobin content and VEGF levels in subcutaneous implants (about 40% with both doses) but failed to exert this activity in intraperitoneal implants. Conversely, accumulation of neutrophils and macrophages determined by measuring myeloperoxidase (MPO) and N-acetylglucosaminidase (NAG) activities intraimplant, respectively, was attenuated only in intraperitoneal implants by the treatment. Levels of TNF-alpha and MCP-1 were also determined and rolipram at both doses decreased the production of both cytokines in intraperitoneal implants. The levels of MCP-1 in the subcutaneous implants were not affected by the treatment. Fibrosis was evaluated by determining the amount of collagen and production of TGF-beta1 intraimplant. Both parameters were attenuated by rolipram. These results have shown differential sensitivity of proliferating tissues to PDE4 inhibitor indicating that this agent may be used to target inflammatory angiogenesis selectively.

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