Adsorption of anionic and cationic dyes on activated carbon from aqueous solutions: equilibrium and kinetics

Araceli Rodríguez, Juan García, Gabriel Ovejero, María Mestanza
Journal of Hazardous Materials 2009 December 30, 172 (2): 1311-20
Activated carbon was utilized as adsorbent to remove anionic dye, Orange II (OII), and cationic dye, Methylene blue (MB), from aqueous solutions by adsorption. Batch experiments were conducted to study the effects of temperature (30-65 degrees C), initial concentration of adsorbate (300-500 mg L(-1)) and pH (3.0-9.0) on dyes adsorption. Equilibrium adsorption isotherms and kinetics were investigated. The equilibrium experimental data were analyzed by the Langmuir, Freundlich, Toth and Redlich-Peterson models. The kinetic data obtained with different carbon mass were analyzed using a pseudo-first order, pseudo-second order, intraparticle diffusion, Bangham and Chien-Clayton equations. The best results were achieved with the Langmuir isotherm equilibrium model and with the pseudo-second order kinetic model. The activated carbon was found to be very effective as adsorbent for MB and OII from aqueous solutions.

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