JOURNAL ARTICLE
MULTICENTER STUDY

Cyclosporine and steroid therapy in children with steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome

Yuko Hamasaki, Norishige Yoshikawa, Shinzaburo Hattori, Satoshi Sasaki, Kazumoto Iijima, Koichi Nakanishi, Takeshi Matsuyama, Kenji Ishikura, Nahoko Yata, Tetsuji Kaneko, Masataka Honda
Pediatric Nephrology 2009, 24 (11): 2177-85
19714370
We conducted a prospective, multicenter trial to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a 12-month course of cyclosporine in children with steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS). Thirty-five patients were enrolled, of whom 28 had minimal change or diffuse mesangial proliferation (MC/DMP), and seven had focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS). All patients received cyclosporine and prednisolone; patients with FSGS additionally received methylprednisolone pulse therapy (MPT). The dose of cyclosporine was adjusted to maintain a trough level of 120-150 ng/ml during the initial 3 months of treatment, followed by 80-100 ng/ml during months 4-12. The primary end point was the remission rate at month 12. Remission was achieved in 23 of 28 (82.1%) patients in the MC/DMP group and in six of the seven (85.7%) patients in the FSGS group. Follow-up renal biopsies were performed in 26 patients (nine at month 12, 17 at month 24), and cyclosporine-related nephrotoxicity was detected in one (3.8%). Major adverse events comprised severe bacterial infections (two patients) and posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (one patient). In conclusion, a high remission rate was achieved in our patient cohort using a combined cyclosporine/ prednisolone treatment regimen in children with SRNS who had MC/DMP and a combined cyclosporine/prednisolone plus MPT regimen in children who had FSGS.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
19714370
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.