JOURNAL ARTICLE

Effects of CAY10404 on the PKB/Akt and MAPK pathway and apoptosis in non-small cell lung cancer cells

Yongseon Cho, Mee-Ja Park, Mira Park, Sun Seek Min, Jaeyong Yee, Chan Kim, Min-Soo Han, Seung-Ho Han
Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology 2009, 14 (6): 850-8
19703066

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Lung cancer is the most common cause of cancer death in men and women worldwide. The mechanism of cell death induced by CAY10404, a highly selective cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor, was evaluated in three non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell lines (H460, H358, H1703).

METHODS: To measure the effects of CAY10404 on proliferation of NSCLC cells, 3 x 10(3) cells/well were plated in 96-well plates and allowed to adhere overnight at 37 degrees C. After treatment with CAY10404 for 3 days, cell proliferation was measured by the 3- (4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. In the H460 NSCLC cells, evidence of apoptosis was sought using the terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase deoxyuridine triphosphate (dUTP) nick end labelling (TUNEL) assay and western blot analysis.

RESULTS: Treatment with CAY10404 in the range of 10-100 microM caused dose-dependent growth inhibition, with an average 50% inhibitory concentration (IC(50)) of 60-100 micromol/L, depending on the cell line. Western blot analysis of CAY10404-treated cells showed cleavage of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) and procaspase-3, signifying caspase activity and apoptotic cell death. CAY10404 treatment inhibited the phosphorylation of Akt, glycogen synthase kinase-3beta and extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1/2 in H460 and H358 cells.

CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that CAY10404 is a potent inducer of apoptosis in NSCLC cells, and that it may act by suppressing multiple protein kinase B/Akt and mitogen-activated protein kinase pathways.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
19703066
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"