JOURNAL ARTICLE

Computerized cognitive assessment of mild cognitive impairment in urban African Americans

Glen M Doniger, Mi-Yeoung Jo, Ely S Simon, Howard A Crystal
American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias 2009, 24 (5): 396-403
19700670
Few objective cognitive assessment tools have been validated for mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in African Americans despite higher prevalence of disease. This preliminary study evaluated discriminant validity of a computerized cognitive assessment battery for MCI in an urban African American cohort. Twenty-seven participants with MCI and 22 cognitively healthy individuals completed a multidomain battery (Mindstreams, NeuroTrax Corp, New Jersey). Mild cognitive impairment participants performed more poorly than cognitively healthy participants in all domains, with significant differences in memory (P = .003; d = 0.96), executive function (P = .046; d = 0.64), and overall battery performance (P = .041; d = 0.63). Adjustment for intelligence quotient (IQ) yielded significant differences in memory (P < .001; d = 1.34), executive function (P = .007; d = 0.86), attention (P = .014; d = .80), and overall performance (P = .001; d = 1.09). Such a validated battery may help to address an important clinical need in this population.

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